Learning Goal: I’m working on a english question and need an explanation and ans

Learning Goal: I’m working on a english question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.4. DMAIC – Analyze: Performance Gaps Analysis Please add more to this section based on the ppt and PDFIn this project, obtaining quality output variables is dependent on the selected input variables and the accuracy of the process. The desired outputs (KPOV) are obtained through precise measurement of flow rate and collecting and graphing of data using a flow meter. The KPIV for the process is flow meters, WIFI nodes (800 sqft i.e., 40 linear feet), pipes, and mapping them. The key challenge is incorporating the KPIV’s to collect data in flow meters. The first step in solving this problem is obtaining the correct flow meter.Wired Ethernet will be used to connect the flow meter. Because the meter will connect via cable to convey data everywhere in the plant, the Ethernet connection is critical. It is also extremely dependable and quick, ensuring secure data transport at all times. It is, however, more expensive to install and performs poorly in moist situations, as well as requiring a wired connection across the building. There will be a total of eight flow meters used. For this application, the ADMAG TI (Total Insight) series AXG magnetic flowmeter was used. This AXG magnetic flowmeter is a high-quality and dependable instrument that uses a dual-frequency excitation mechanism to operate. Size: 2.5 (0.1in.) and lining: Fluorocarbon PFA, Ceramics tube are among its features. The pipe is 3/4 or 1 inch in diameter. If it’s simply within walls, there’s a gray ENT conduit (also known as smurf tube). Alternatively, you may use a gray PVC electrical conduit. It already has the feminine flared end. This flowmeter is able to handle the water and chemicals used when sanitation is happening throughout the facility.As fluid moves through a magnetic field, the flowmeter detects the flow velocity of conductive liquid by measuring the occurrence of electromotive force proportional to flow velocity. From the recorded flow velocity, it calculates the instantaneous flow rate, integrated flow rate, and so on. This form of flow meter has reliable results thanks to the dual-frequency excitation approach, which allows for accurate flow measurement even in the presence of strong flow noise in highly concentrated slurry. Second, it enables the selection of numerous Inputs and Outputs, with a maximum of four current, pulse, and status signals inputs/outputs. Also, device diagnostic (verification function) that can be performed without removing the device from the pipe, and process condition detection by monitoring flow noise. Finally, it has enhanced the Operation and Monitoring Function by allowing for the establishment of operation authorization levels to ensure safety and the display of processing data trends. The eight flow meters will be placed in various locations to optimize data collection and reduce magnetic wave interference, resulting in increased efficiency and utility. A measurement pipe sintered with high purity alumina ceramics serves as both a liner and a structure. The grounding device is a standard that may be set as an option. Using it on a metal pipe that isn’t lined is futile. To avoid noise interference with measurement, the flowmeter ought to be arranged away from electrical engines, transformers, and other force sources. Nothing ought to be placed in the quick area that may meddle with the attractive field, initiated signal voltages, or stream speed appropriation of the flowmeter. A straight run may not be needed on the flowmeter’s downstream side. On the off chance that a downstream valve or other fitting causes abnormality or deviation inflows, a distance of 2D to 3D will be given on the downstream side. To keep redirected streams from getting to the sensor and to try not to start from a vacant condition, the valves should be mounted on the sensor’s downstream side.Mounting OrientationThe electrodes of the magnetic flowmeter should not be perpendicular to the ground when installed. Otherwise, measurement errors may occur because air bubbles on the top side or slurry on the lower side cover the electrode. To keep water out of a remote sensor’s terminal box and an integrated flowmeter’s transmitter, place them above the pipe.Avoiding Air BubblesStream rate signs and estimation mistakes might be changed if air bubbles enter an estimating pipe. When working with liquids that incorporate air bubbles, pipework should be worked to hold them back from gathering in the sensor’s estimating pipe. In case there is a valve close to the sensor, endeavor to put it on the upstream side of the valve to limit a potential drop in tension inside the line, which may bring about air bubbles.Another important part is the connection of the meters to the internet. There are 3 options to do this. The first being wired Ethernet, there is already an ethernet cable attached to the flow meter which can be used to connect the flow meter. Because the meter will connect via cable to convey data everywhere in the plant, the Ethernet connection is critical. It is also extremely dependable and quick, ensuring secure data transport at all times. It is, however, more expensive to install and performs poorly in moist situations, as well as requiring a wired connection across the building. Another option is radio connection. Radio connection has a wide range and could work well but is very expensive and is very much overkill for the connection that is necessary. The last option is a wireless connection. Using a wired to wireless adapter and the ethernet cable already attached to the meter this can be possible. The team has already picked out a wired to wireless adapter that has a range of 800 sq ft and is a nema 4 enclosure allows it to be able to handle the water and chemicals used when sanitation is happening throughout the facility. The team is in the process of mapping the range out in the plant and will add Wifi nodes wherever necessary so the range meets the necessary requirements. This connection is not as fast and as reliable as the others but is by far the cheapest option and is likely to be the one that is selected. 5. DMAIC – Improve: Preliminary Process Design Alternatives Please add more to this section based on the ppt and PDFThe purpose of the improve phase of the DMAIC cycle is to ensure that the initial design is refined to be the best possible. Therefore, before focusing on controlling the process the team can be sure any issues that have been caught before have been addressed and improved. To do this the team has designed three alternative solutions in order to reduce water further.5.1 Wasted Water Reduction Solution:Description/DesignThroughout the facility there are many immediate opportunities to save water through minor pipe repairs and minor adjustments to production lines to prevent splashing. By auditing the facility production lines and finding the locations of leaks and splash points the team can implement solutions to save wasted water immediatelyMeasureOnce all locations of water saving opportunities have been found the team will place buckets in those locations to capture the wasted water. At the end of production the team can then measure the volume of all water captured. The team will repeat this for 30 days to ensure quality data.AnalyzeOnce the data has been captured the team will be able to analyze and draw conclusions. The team should be able to understand where most of the water is being wasted as well as the total amount of water being wasted on a daily basis. Therefore, the team will have a clear picture of the current state of how water is wasted throughout the facility.ImproveNow that the team understands how much water is being wasted and the corresponding locations action can be taken. The team will reach out to contractors to patch pipe leaks. The team will also talk to management at Frito Lay about implementing barriers around certain splash zones to ensure water stays in the production lines.ControlAs pipes are not indestructible regular audits will be required in order to control this process. As audits are done new opportunities will arise and the same process should be followed in order to correct them.5.2 Potato/Corn Wash Process Improvement description/DesignMost of the water used in the manufacturing process is during the washing processes. To reduce water we would do a study on how to most effectively wash the product while using the least amount of water. By optimizing this process and reducing water by any percentage will make a significant impact on the overall water usage in the facility.MeasureTo measure the water used in this process the team will use the installed flow meters in order to see how much water is used during this process. During this phase the team would also like to test alternative processes and measure the amount of water used. AnalyzeOnce the data is gathered on the current production process and the alternative production processes the team will be able to analyze the data and draw conclusions. Through this analysis we will be able to see which process is the most efficient. However, we will also have to ensure that this level of efficiency can be obtained at the volume of production that Frito Lay is accustomed to.ImproveDuring this Improve Phase the team will have implemented our solution and will be looking for ways to improve it further. To do this the team will test the efficiency levels with different batch sizes and see which batch level works best. This is a large factor due to the fact that the starch takes up space as well as the water and in a limited space environment it’s essential to find a balance to clean effectively but use the least amount of water. ControlDuring the Control Phase the team will be analyzing the water usage via Process Capability (Cp / Cpk) analysis. This will allow the team to be sure that the process remains in statistical control and therefore is using a near equal amount of water each time without producing defects. 5.3 Water RecyclingDescription/DesignThis is the most expensive alternative solution however it is most likely the most impactful. By recycling the water used in the facility water usage would be reduced dramatically and the results will be sustainable for years to come. However, to do this will involve multiple contracted companies and will take a large period of time to complete. MeasureOnce the flow meters are installed, the team will be able to get a clear picture of the water usage currently at the facility. These metrics will be saved as the recycling system is implemented by contractors and will be reassessed after the implementation of the recycling system.AnalyzeOnce the before and after data has been collected the team will be able to provide metrics on how much water has been saved by the recycling system. It is expected to be a huge impact and anything less than extremely significant will be considered a failure to meet project goals. ImproveEven though the water will be being recycled, as stated in 5.1 Wasted Water Reduction Solution there are still opportunities to save water. By using the suggestions stated in this alternative solution the team may save water even more. The combination of these would most likely result in massive reductions in water usage.ControlThe water recycling/reclamation system will require maintenance which should be provided by contractors unless the maintenance department deems themselves capable of doing so. The team will also be using process capability analysis to ensure the process is statistically in control. Finally, I would agree that 6 would be a safe amount if you were to set them all up wirelessly. The flow meters that are by themselves you may be better off hard wiring as you would be running wires for the router anyways, might as well just run it straight to the meter.
Requirements: Depends on the requirement

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